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What about Baptism of Desire and Baptism of Blood?

Question:

What does the Church teach regarding Baptism by Desire and Baptism by Blood? Are these valid forms of Sacramental Baptism?

Answer:

The “Baptism of Desire” and the “Baptism of Blood” are not actually forms of the Sacrament of Baptism, but rather are analogous cleansings which can in some measure take the place of the Sacrament for those who are united to the Church by a true and explicit faith, perfected by charity, with the desire to receive the Sacrament of Baptism, but who die without an opportunity to receive it. For such persons, their faith itself has a purifying effect on their soul, bringing the remission of Original Sin, the forgiveness of actual sins, and the infusion of sanctifying grace and the theological virtues. Only the Sacrament of Baptism, however, can make one a member of the Church, impress the sacramental character upon the soul, give a person the right and power to receive the Church’s other Sacraments, and guarantee the full remission of temporal punishment due to actual sins. 

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