Russia Hearkens to Gramsci's Ghost
by John Vennari
We present here, one of the speeches given to the Bishops in Mexico City, by the editor of Catholic Family News. This well-researched talk is most timely for all of us. Here John Vennari gives us a key to understand how Russia is deceiving the West.
We continue to lose ground because the cultural war against us continues to secularize our minds, preparing the West to openly embrace Marxism. This is the strategy of Gramsci. Read about this so as to arm yourself against it.
The Perestroika and Glasnost initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev is not the conversion of the Soviet Union as is naively proclaimed by many Churchmen in high places and even by the majority of Fatima Apostolates. The so-called "conversion" of Russia is nothing more than the implementation of a kinder and gentler Marxism/Leninism, one more acceptable to the West, according to the strategy of the Italian Communist, Antonio Gramsci, who died just before World War II.
The Italian Strategist
Antonio Gramsci has been the most successful of all the interpreters of Karl Marx. His name may not be a household word, but in our day and age, his influence affects every household - including the household of the Faith.
Gramsci's greatest contributions to Communist strategy were three:
- His incisive critiques of classical Leninism
- His stunningly successful blueprint for the reform of Leninism that has now swept the world.
- His accurate prediction of the cardinal mistake that the Western democracies would make in their confrontation with Gramscian Communism, and with their own future.
The political formula Gramsci devised has done much more than classical Leninism and even classical Stalinism - to spread Marxism through the capitalist West. All that has happened, both to capitalist and Communist powers since 1945 - and most dramatically since 1985 - has completely vindicated the judgment of this Marxist genius. To give the devil his due, Gramsci was a genius.
|Our Lady‑ of Fatima Said: "If My requests are not granted Russia will spread Her errors throughout the world, raising up wars and persecutions against the Church, the good will be martyred, the Holy Father will have much to suffer. Various nations will be annihilated". We must realize that Russia's errors are deliberately spreading, even in our day. Gramsci, the Marxist strategist, tells us what Russia is doing to us now and why.|
A Utopian Idealist with Common Sense
Antonio Gramsci was born in the village of Ales, on the island of Sardinia in 1891. Eventually, Gramsci left for mainland Italy where he studied philosophy and history at Turin University. By 1913, he was a member of the Italian Socialist Party. In 1919, at age 28, he founded a pro-communist newspaper called The New Order. If the title for his newspaper was standard and predictable, his vision and strategy were not. He did not fit the mold of the average Marxist.
In 1921, in association with Palmiro Togliatti, Gramsci founded the Italian Communist Party. Political competition was fierce back then, because the next year Benito Mussolini came to power. Gramsci then headed for Moscow. He figured that it would be safer for him in Lenin's USSR than in Mussolini's Italy.
Antonio Gramsci was a Marxist in ideology, but he was his own man when it came to strategy.
Gramsci believed, like Marx and Lenin, that there was a force completely inner to mankind, driving it on to the Marxist ideal of the "Workers’ Paradise". But there were other assumptions from his view of history and life that also made him see flaws in the Marxist/Leninist strategic ideal.
Marx and Lenin insisted that the entire world of human society was divided into just TWO opposing camps - the broad "structure of the great masses of people - the workers of the world: and the "unjustly" created "superstructure" of oppressive capitalism.
Gramsci knew otherwise, because he understood the nature of Christian culture, which he saw as still vibrant and thriving in the lives of the people all around him. Gramsci himself rejected Christianity and all its transcendent reality. Nevertheless, he knew Christian culture existed. Unlike the non-existent proletarian revolution, which existed only as a mirage of the future, Christian culture was a hard-rock reality that the people ate, drank and breathed.
The Binding Power of Christian Culture
Gramsci agreed that the great mass of the world's population was made up of workers. That was obvious. What was clear to him, however, was that nowhere - and especially not in Christian Europe - did the workers of the world see themselves as separated from the ruling classes by an ideological chasm. Christianity and Christian culture was the binding force that prevented this chasm. It bonded all the classes into a homogenous society.
If this were true, and it was, then Marx and Lenin had to be wrong in another of their fundamental assumptions. There would never be a glorious uprising of the proletariat. There would never be a Marxist inspired violent overthrow of the ruling "superstructure" by working "underclasses", because no matter how oppressed they might be, the "Structure" of the working classes was defined not by their misery or their oppression but by their Christian faith and their Christian culture.
Gramsci still nourished the Leninist conviction that the final birth of the "Paradise of Workers" would take place. But he knew that it had to be brought about in a way completely different from the Leninist concept of armed and violent revolution.
In strategy, timing is everything. In the 1920s, Antonio Gramsci could not put his ideas into action because he arrived in the Soviet Union in the twilight time of Communism's "glorious genius" Lenin. It would have been "politically INcorrect" and dangerous to criticize Lenin at this time. After Lenin's death, Joseph Stalin rose to power. Gramsci feared for his own life as a result, for he knew that Stalin may view him as a threat, and that he would probably end up in the infamous "Lubyanka" Prison, where he would be tortured into a confession of his "deviancy" and then killed.
Since Italy seemed to be the best of two bad choices, Gramsci turned his eyes back home. Once he returned, Gramsci was elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies in 1924. He was arrested by Mussolini's regime in 1926. In 1928 he was sentenced by a Fascist court to twenty years imprisonment.
By that time, however, he had already converted the major Italian Communist thinkers and political leaders to his critique of classical Leninism and his own suggested reform of that Leninism. Being a dedicated Marxist, even imprisonment did not curb his zeal, for he spent the next nine years of his life writing. In 1937, at the age of 46, Antonio Gramsci died. Yet against all odds, he had produced nine volumes of material that pointed the way to achieve a Marxist world.
Beginning in 1948, six volumes of his Prison Notebooks were published.
The Gramsci Strategy
Gramsci realized that a worldwide revolution of the working class was unrealistic from the very beginning. In an "in with the good, and out with the bad" approach, he accepted the basic philosophical text of Marx, but rejected what he considered to be mistakes of both Marx and Lenin.
Intellectually, Gramsci was the product of the Roman Catholic society of Italy. He understood Hegel and Marx, who were the two primary philosophers of Communism. But he, more than most Marxists, had some understanding of Christian metaphysics in general, Thomism in particular, and was surrounded with the richness of Roman Catholic heritage. That understanding, and his own practical mind, allowed him to be far more sophisticated and subtle in his interpretation of Hegel's dialect philosophy of history than Marx had been.
The key element of Gramsci's blueprint for the global victory rested on Hegel's distinction between what was "inner" or "immanent" to man and what man held to be outside and above him and his world - a superior force transcending the limitations of individuals and of groups both large and small.
For Gramsci, the IMMANENT and the TRANSCENDENT were unavoidably paired and yoked. Marxism's "transcendent" was the utopian ideal. But the Marxist transcendent was too foreign to the Christian mind and Christian culture. So, Gramsci argued that since the immanent and the transcendent are paired, then unless you can systematically touch what is immanent and immediate to individuals and groups and societies in their daily lives, you cannot convince them to struggle for any transcendent.
What was essential, insisted Gramsci, was to Marxize the INNER man. To secularize him to the point of total godlessness. Only when that was done could you successfully dangle the utopia of the "Workers' Paradise" before his eyes, to be accepted in a peaceful and humanly agreeable manner, without revolution, violence or bloodshed.
Gramsci absorbed two major and supremely practical contributions from Vladimir Lenin.
first) Lenin's extraordinary geopolitical vision.
second) Lenin's invention of the PARTY STATE as the operational core of geo-politically successful Marxism. For in Gramsci's blueprint, Lenin's intricate international Party machinery would remain the basis for a worldwide Communist Party under the dominant control of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU).
Not only did Gramsci believe that Marx and Lenin were wrong about "an IMMEDIATE" proletarian revolution. He also believed that Stalin was wrong in his terror methods - as these methods simply push religion and resistance into a menacing and concentrated underground that will bide their time, spring to the surface at the first opportunity, and will be an effective tool to be exploited by Capitalist circles abroad to the detriment of Marxism.
Gramsci had a better way. A subtle blueprint for Marxist victory. It was this:
Use Lenin's geopolitical structure not to conquer streets and cities, but to conquer the mind of civil society, to acquire a Marxist hegemony over the minds of the population that must be won.
He even insisted that it would be necessary to tolerate and promote pluralism.
Gorbachev Follows Gramsci's Pattern
Mikhail Gorbachev burst upon the world scene as the first Soviet leader big-minded enough to appraise, appreciate and fully embrace the Gramscian formula. One by one, the former Soviet satellites are seen as liberated from the direct control of the USSR. In his Gramscian pattern, Gorbachev worked toward a new governmental structure for the USSR itself and a new status for several "Socialist Soviet Republics" that flesh out the USSR. The Gramscian process requires such changes. Gorbachevism implicitly endorses them. Gorbachev in his Perestroika and Glasnost, which is interpreted as "The conversion of Russia as promised by Our Lady of Fatima" is nothing more than Gorbachev, being faithful to his hard-core Leninism, using the Gramscian formula, while adding his own updating and correctives.
Leninist flexibility, colored by Gramsci's subtle tactics and modified to supply whatever was lacking in Gramsci's blueprint for victory - this constitutes the Glasnost/Perestroika program. NOW, EVEN OUR LADY OF FATIMA IS BEING USED AS A GRAMSCI ALLY, by those who say that this Gramscian ruse is actually the long-awaited Triumph of Our Lady's Immaculate Heart promised at Fatima.
A Confirmation from the Ukraine
Firm testimony that this frightful strategy is successfully in place was supplied by the Ukrainian Catholic Activist, Josep Terelya in the spring of 1992.
Mr. Terelya said:
"The communists are still in control. The whole party apparatus is totally in place. Nothing has changed. All those who were in power at the time of this so-called fall are still in power. Nobody has been thrown out. Nobody has lost a job. The communist party has only gone underground for a while until it emerges again. They continue to receive their pay, the salaries that they've been receiving.
"Yeltsin is another anti-Christ ... It's really the Masonic plot that is behind all this. It's really irrelevant what they call themselves - Socialist, communists or what-not, they are all materialists, they are all against God."