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The Two Hearts

by Archbishop R. Arulappa, Archbishop of Madras-Mylapore, India (1966 to 1987)

Archbishop Arulappa is deeply dedicated to Our Lady's Immaculate Heart and Her promised Victory over satan and his followers. In this article, Archbishop Arulappa gives the theological foundations for having much greater devotion to Our Lady's Immaculate Heart.

In the light of Vatican II he theologically explains masterfully the beauty and usefulness of the exact fulfillment of Our Lady of Fatima's urgent request for the Consecration of Russia to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

Like the Pope and so many other Bishops, Archbishops and Cardinals, Archbishop Arulappa knows Our Lady's Fatima Consecration request has not been fulfilled but the Archbishop here explains eloquently and in easy to read language, yet in exact terms, why this Consecration is justified by Catholic doctrine.

"A sword shall pierce your heart so that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed." (Luke 2:28-30)

"One of the soldiers pierced his side ..." (John 19:34)

"A sword will pierce through your own soul also." (Luke 2:35)

The Significance of the Cult of 
the Immaculate Heart of Mary

In connection with the apparitions of Our Lady at Fatima, Sister Lucia, one of the seers still alive, has been saying that on June 13, 1929, Our Lady requested, (as the sister herself records) in Memoirs and Letters of Sister Lucia (book published in 1973), as follows: "The Good Lord promises to end the persecution in Russia, if the Holy Father will himself make a solemn act of reparation and Consecration of Russia ... as well as ordering all the Bishops of the Catholic world to do the same".

On March 21, 1982, Sister Lucia further explained to the Apostolic Nuncio and two other witnesses, that the Pope must select a date on which to order the Bishops of the whole world to make a solemn act of reparation and Consecration of Russia to the most Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, each in his own Cathedral and at the same time as the act effected by the Pope.

There are actually two versions of the vision of Our Lady on June 13, 1929, but they are essentially the same. In the better known version, Our Lady says: "The moment has come for God to ask the Holy Father to make, in union with all the Bishops of the world, the Consecration of Russia to My Immaculate Heart. He promises to save Russia by this means". The special mention of 'Russia' in this Act of Consecration is to be noted.

When Sister Lucia asked Our Lord why He would not convert Russia without such an act of Consecration, He replied:

"Because I want My whole Church to recognize this consecration as a triumph of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, so as to extend its cult later on, and to place devotion to this Immaculate Heart beside the devotion to My Sacred Heart".

These words of Our Lord deserve our serious consideration. They give us the exact import of this consecration.

One: that the Church should recognize it as a triumph of the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

Two: that it (the consecration) should be the beginning of a greater cult of the same Heart.

Three: that the devotion to the two Hearts should mean the placing of the Mother's Heart beside that of the Son.

We see here the great concern of the Son that His Mother should be glorified and acknowledged as deserving truly a place beside His own Heart. We see the infinite delicacy of the Son to see His Mother honored, and venerated more and more by all. But it is not merely the Son's delicate feelings for His Mother, that we have to consider, but, more, the doctrinal basis of this whole question.

The Doctrinal Basis

This basis is provided by Vatican Council II: 

"From all eternity, together with the Incarnation of the divine Word, the Blessed Virgin was predestined to be the Mother of God. By the will of divine Providence, She was the loving Mother of the Divine Redeemer here on earth, and above all others in a unique way She was the willing partner and the humble handmaid of the Lord. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ. She presented Him to the Father in the temple, and shared the suffering of His Son as He died on the cross. In an utterly singular way She co-operated by Her obedience, faith, hope and burning charity in the Savior's work of restoring supernatural life of souls. For this reason She is a mother to us in the order of grace.

"This motherhood of Mary in the order of grace began with the consent which She gave in faith at the Annunciation and which She sustained without wavering beneath the cross; it will last without interruption until the eternal fulfillment of all the elect. Once assumed into Heaven, She did not set aside this saving role, but with Her numerous prayers of intercession continues to win for us the gifts of eternal salvation.

"By Her maternal charity, Mary cares for the brethren of Her Son who still wander through this world in the midst of dangers and difficulties until they are led to the happiness of their Heavenly home.

"For this reason the Blessed Virgin is invoked by the Church under the titles of Advocate, Auxiliatrix, Adjustrix and Mediatrix; but they are titles which must be understood in a way that neither detracts from, nor adds anything to the dignity and efficacy of Christ the one Mediator.

"For no creature could ever be counted as equal with the Incarnate Word and Redeemer. Just as the priesthood of Christ is shared in various ways both by sacred ministers and by the faithful, and as the one goodness of God is really communicated in different ways to His creatures, in the same way the unique mediation of the Redeemer does not exclude but rather gives rise among creatures to a manifold co-operation which is but a sharing in this one source.

"The Church does not hesitate to profess this subordinate role of Mary. She knows it through unfailing experience of it and commends it to the hearts of the faithful, so that encouraged by this maternal help they may follow the Mediator and Redeemer more clearly."

We should pay special attention to the words:

1) by the will of providence ...

2) willing partner, in a unique way

3) She presented Him to the Father in the temple

4) shared the sufferings of the Son as He died on the cross

5) in an utterly singular way She co-operated by Her obedience, faith, hope and burning charity in the Savior's work of restoring supernatural life to souls.

6) consent which She gave in faith at the Annunciation and which She sustained without wavering beneath the Cross: it will last without interruption until the eternal fulfillment of all the elect.

7) She did not set aside this saving role but with Her intercession continues to win for us the gifts of eternal salvation.

8) Invoke as Advocate, Auxiliatrix, Adjustrix and Mediatrix, titles which neither detract from nor add anything to the dignity and efficacy of Christ the one Mediator.

9) The unique mediation of the Redeemer does not exclude but rather gives rise among creatures to a manifold co-operation which is but a sharing in this one source.

10) The Church does not hesitate to profess this subordinate role of Mary.

This teaching of Vatican II gives us the reason why Our Lord desires the Consecration in question, i.e., why the Church should recognize it as a triumph of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, why there should be a greater cult of the same Heart, and why the Heart of the Mother should be placed beside that of the Son.

It is not surely as though They (the Sacred and Immaculate Hearts) should be placed on the same level: as though the Mother's role is of the same order as that of the Son. The Church clearly teaches the subordinate role of the Mother, i.e. that it is subordinated to the indispensable and unique mediation of the Son. It is not as though this subordinate role of the Mother is really necessary. It is definitely dispensable and the Savior could have well dispensed with it if He had so willed.

What is to be clearly understood here is that it was purely by the will of Providence, i.e., by the will of God to glorify His mother that She was appointed as the Mediatrix of intercession as St. Louis de Montfort says, while the Son is the Mediator of redemption. She is constituted thus as the one who mediates with Her Son, while the Son mediated with the Father!

The Heart of Jesus

It is certainly unthinkable that the Son, who associated His Mother so closely with Him, in the work of Redemption, should, after the redemptive work was over (i.e. after Calvary and Resurrection), set aside His Mother, and as it were, make Her retire to a corner! Such behavior is often seen in this world in the case of 'sons' towards their 'mothers'. But how could any one even imagine it of a Son like Christ!

Moreover there was an appropriateness that such a mother should be so honored and glorified. For as the Council teaches — She was a loving mother and in a unique way the willing partner in the work of redemption: that She presented Him most willingly to the Father: that She shared in His sufferings as He died a most terrible death on the Cross; that She co-operated in an utterly singular way with Him in all that He had decreed: that the consent which She gave at the Annunciation was sustained without the least wavering till the very end, i.e., till the whole plan of the Father for the world's redemption was completely fulfilled.

It is to be noted that the consent which She gave at the Annunciation was not merely to allow Herself to become the physical mother of the Savior, which was indeed a glorious privilege, but rather to accept willingly to do whatever was required for the redemptive work, in other words, to suffer with the Son, and stand by Him to the very last!

A most important aspect of this redemptive work was the immense love for the Father with which Christ went through all the sufferings and humiliations of His whole life — especially in His Passion and death. He Himself says so, when He said to His disciples just before going to His Passion: ... "that the world may know that I love the Father ... arise, let us go hence". (John 14:31) It was not the mere physical sufferings that brought about the reparation and satisfaction that was required for the sins of the world and enable mankind to be redeemed: it was the love with which those sufferings were accepted and borne! It was the Heart of Jesus burning with immense love for His Father so much offended by the world, which reconciled mankind with the Father.

The Heart of Mary

And next to the Heart of Jesus, there was no other Heart which burnt with greater love than that of Mary, His Mother. As the Council says, She was the loving Mother of the Divine Redeemer and above all others in a unique way She was the willing partner in all sufferings, and in an utterly singular way She co-operated with Him by Her obedience, faith, hope and burning charity in the Savior's work ...

At 4 p.m. Sunday, March 25, 1984, in St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City, His Holiness Pope John Paul II venerates the original statue of Our Lady of Fatima. It was 4 hours after he had consecrated the world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. As further explained in this Fatima Crusader issue, the Pope, before the 10,000 persons gathered there, repeated that the request of Our Lady of Fatima for the Consecration of Russia was NOT yet done.

Triumph of the Two Hearts

The redemption of the world, we can say was the triumph of the most loving Heart of Jesus. If the Son desires that the conversion of Russia (which in this century has become a tremendous obstacle for the redemption of this world) should be attributed to the intercessory role of His Mother's Immaculate Heart, and that the whole Church should recognize it as such, we can only see that desire as a concrete expression on the part of the Son to glorify His Mother before the whole world, especially before the whole Church. Surely the Son has been glorifying His Mother down the centuries through the innumerable graces showered on mankind, through the wonders, miracles, etc. performed at Her pleading. But this conversion of Russia is obviously (Our Lord considers) a very extraordinary manifestation of Her intercessory role. She shared so greatly in the Son's sufferings, why not She be given a great share in His glory and triumph! As the Heart of Jesus cannot, in the end, fail in any way, so too the Heart of His Mother cannot! For the two Hearts have been 'throbbing' for love of mankind from the beginning. So they deserve honor and triumph in the end! To the Heart of Jesus glory and honor in the first place: but beside that Heart honor and glory also to the Heart of His Mother. That is why Our Lord says to Sister Lucia, that the conversion of Russia (following Russia's special consecration as requested) should be the beginning of a greater cult of the Heart of Mary, placing this cult beside His own Heart! ...

It is to be properly realized that the Supreme Lord and Creator delights to share His glory and power with the entire creation, and to work through them. In the entire creation there is none greater than this 'tainted nature's solitary boast' the Immaculate Mary. If as the council says, "the unique mediation of the Redeemer does not exclude but rather gives rise among creatures to a manifold co-operation" what wonder is there if the greatest among creatures be exalted and glorified in this way! ... The whole question of the Consecration of Russia has to be seen in this context. It is not as though the recitation of a formula of consecration will automatically do the wonder! It is first of all acknowledging the glorious place given to the Mother by the Son Himself. It is allowing ourselves to be truly ruled by the love of these TWO Hearts! If, in other words, the entire Church, led by all the pastors and united with the Supreme Pastor (Pope) entrusts itself with faith and love to the glorious Heart of the Mother, the Son will not hesitate to perform what may well be considered the greatest wonder in Church History viz. the conversion of Russia and the triumph of the Immaculate Heart of Mary — the glorious results of which could be seen and felt all over the world, provided Her request is acceded to!

The Sacred Heart of Jesus appeals to all of us to love Him in return of all He did and does suffer for us.

The Two Hearts — were there or could there be two hearts which beat for love of poor sinful mankind, in such perfect harmony and with such decided purpose in view as the Heart of Jesus and that of His Mother?

By saying 'in perfect harmony' I don't forget the primary and essential role which the Heart of Jesus played and the secondary and subordinated role of the Heart of Mary.

The Vatican Council says about Mary's motherhood (i.e. Her motherly concern and love of Her Immaculate Heart) "will last without interruption until the eternal fulfillment of all the elect. Assumed into Heaven She did not set aside this saving role". If this is true of the Heart of the Mother, a creature Heaven exalted, it is infinitely more true of the Son's Divine Heart — the Heart of God-Man!

The Two Hearts, therefore, are active, and will be so till the number of those to be saved will be complete!

Blessed are the hearts who joyfully acknowledge all this and render THE TWO HEARTS the honor and love due!

The Two Hearts; One in Suffering and Love

At the time of the presentation of the Child Jesus in the Temple, Simeon prophesies: "This Child is destined for the fall and rising again of many ..." and adds immediately "and a sword shall pierce Your soul too". (Luke 2, 34-35)

Two events are prophesied here: viz. that many would benefit by the redemptive sacrifice of Jesus, but many would not and therefore be condemned. A veiled, but definite, reference seems to be made here, of the uselessness, for many souls, of the immense suffering gone through by the Savior, for salvation of mankind and of the great pain caused to His most loving Heart, on that account. The immediate adding: "and a sword shall pierce Your soul too" (spoken to the Mother) seems to say that the soul (heart) of the Mother too would suffer a great agony, not only at the sight of the Son's suffering, but, even more, of the futility of such immense agony of the Son, as far as many souls are concerned.

This seems to be the import of what St. Bernard says, in the following words which tell us at the same time how the TWO HEARTS were one in suffering — a suffering caused by the immense love borne by the Son as well as by the Mother, for the poor, sinful mankind, He says:

"The Martyrdom of the Virgin Mary, implicit in Simeon's prophecy, is put before us in the story of Our Lord's Passion. That venerable old man, Simeon, said of the Infant Jesus: 'This Child is set for a sign that will be contradicted'; and to Mary: 'A sword will pierce Your soul'.

"Blessed Mother, a sword did pierce Your soul. For no sword could penetrate Your Son's flesh without piercing Your soul. After Your own Son Jesus gave up His life — He was Yours in a special sense though He belongs to all — the cruel lance, which opened His side and would not spare Him in death though it could do him no injury, could not touch His soul. But it pierced Your soul. His soul was no longer there, but Yours could not be set free, and it was pierced by a sword of sorrow. We rightly speak of You as more than a martyr, for the anguish of mind You suffered exceeded all bodily pain."

A Note on the Liturgical Feast of 
the Immaculate Heart of Mary

"This feast was formerly celebrated on the Octave of the 'Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary' — as a Feast. At present, it is celebrated on the Saturday immediately after the Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus — as an optional memorial, (not even as an obligatory memorial!). Why the rank of the feast has been brought down, is not easy to see! It is indeed a pity! But it is quite significant that the Heart of the Mother is remembered immediately after the Heart of the Son — Even this small detail seems to tell us that the TWO HEARTS cannot be separated in any sense! ...